AP Lang: Persuasive Appeals

Standards

  • ELAGSE11-12RI5 Analyze and evaluate the effectiveness of the structure an author uses in his or her exposition or argument, including whether the structure makes points clear, convincing, and engaging. Georgia ELA
  • ELAGSE11-12L3 Apply knowledge of language to understand how language functions in different contexts, to make effective choices for meaning or style, and to comprehend more fully when reading or listening. Georgia ELA
  • ELAGSE11-12L6 Acquire and use accurately general academic and domain-specific words and phrases, sufficient for reading, writing, speaking, and listening at the college and career readiness level; demonstrate independence in gathering vocabulary knowledge when considering a word or phrase important to comprehension or expression. Georgia ELA

Learning Target
Students will examine various types of persuasive appeals and how they can be used as effective forms of rhetoric.

Opening Session
Let’s brainstorm together! You guys have heard of persuasive appeals before, and although you may not know the names, you’ve heard of logical fallacies before. Let’s make a T chart and list the types of effective persuasive appeals on one side and the wrong ways to argue on the other side!

Work Session
We’re going to start out today with a little exercise in argument. Grab a sheet of paper and at the top write down something you want to do but that you know for certain your parents will not allow. You might write down going to a party, dating someone, getting a tattoo, not going to college, or anything along those lines.

Then, on the front of the sheet of paper, brainstorm and write down all the reasons you know your parents will give you for saying no. Not just “because I’m your mom and that’s why,” but the real reasons they actually have.

Flip the paper over to the back and compose a letter to your parents convincing them to let you do the thing. You should consider each of the reasons your parents will say no, and then explain why each of those reasons is wrong.

Closing Session
Once our letters are done, I want to review the persuasive appeals. We will look at Logos, Pathos, and Ethos, and come up with examples of each.

Assessment
Formative (letters, class discussions)

Differentiation
Process (student choice, scaffolded letters, graphic organizers)

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